Moles on the lawn and in the garden: methods of struggle
Moles in a summer cottage are always unwanted guests. Their appearance terrifies gardeners. What harm can moles do in the country, in the garden, and on the lawn? How can I get rid of them?
Harm from moles on the lawn
Still smooth, flawless yesterday, the lawn in the morning may look “like after a bombing.” Earthen mounds, underground passages, spoiled turf – signs of the appearance of moles on the lawn. The site quickly loses its decorativeness, and its restoration will last more than one month. In just a couple of days, the mole is ready to nullify all the efforts on landscape design.
The mammal does not feed on the lawn grass itself. Its diet is invertebrates, a favorite treat is earthworms. They are always abundant in the upper soil layer under the lawn.
The activity of underground animals makes them constantly look for food. They dig moves without rest, and the old ones do not throw, but regularly check. Every day the animal makes up to 20 m of new tunnels. The mammal practically does not appear on the surface, preferring underground life.
Harm moles on the lawn:
- In pursuit of food, underground animals can destroy almost all lawn grass by digging and damaging it.
- Earthen mounds remaining from mole activity prevent grass mowing. Trampling them is useless: in just a few hours, the lawn will have the same, unearthed look.
- Lawn grass, under which passages were dug, quickly dries up. Its roots “hang” in the air, not having contact with the ground.
- Absolutely flat lawn quickly becomes sloppy: hills and passages fail, forming bumps on the lawn.
Underground mammals are no less harmful to garden crops.
Harm from moles in the garden
The usual habitat depth of the animal is 10-50 cm. This is the same soil layer that is most rich in earthworms, which means humus. It is in this layer that the root system of horticultural crops is located.
Moles cause no less harm to the garden than the lawn:
- The constant increase in the network of tunnels is caused by the search for food. Underground animals do not feed on root crops, but severely damage them during the construction of moves.
- They can harm both fruit and vegetable, planting, ornamental plants, biting their roots. Cultures begin to grow slowly, develop worse, get sick, stop growing.
- Eating earthworms, animals reduce soil fertility. After all, the amount of humus produced by worms is also decreasing.
- Underground moles are used by other rodents: mice and rats can move around them, causing additional damage to the crop.
- Animals are carriers of some serious diseases. They spread fleas, ticks, and other parasites.
- The soil on the site ceases to be uniform. During the construction of the moves, the animal mixes the lower, infertile layers with the upper.
- Underground passages violate the water regime of the soil. Water seeps into the tunnels as a drainage system. The topsoil dries quickly again, the plants experience a constant moisture deficit.
In order to prevent significant harm to the underground mammals, preventive measures should be taken and an urgent fight against animals should be conducted.